Can a lump in the neck be a tumor

Mark wiens


Thyroid cancer is a common malignant tumor of the head and neck, and its incidence has been on the rise in recent years. There are many cases of thyroid nodules in the annual physical examination. Some people find a lump on the neck is very worried, afraid of thyroid cancer, neck lump really can be judged as thyroid cancer?

The common symptoms of thyroid cancer are goiter or nodule, which will gradually increase in size with hard texture and unclear boundary. In addition to these, it can move up and down with swallowing movement in the early stage, but can not move in the later stage. Some patients may have painful lumps, hoarse voice and difficulty swallowing.

It's hard to tell if you have thyroid cancer just by looking at a lump in your neck. It could be swollen lymph nodes caused by inflammation.

Who is at high risk for thyroid?

1. People exposed to radioactive materials for a long time.

2. People with thyroid disease. Thyroid adenoma or nodular thyroid adenoma are very likely to become cancerous.

3. People with endocrine disorders. Papillary adenocarcinoma of thyroid gland is closely related to thyrotropin secreted by pituitary gland. When thyroxin increases, the incidence of thyroid cancer will increase.

4. People with a family history. Family members also need annual screening if there is a history of the disease, especially medullary thyroid cancer.

Don't be too alarmed if it turns out to be thyroid cancer, which is the least aggressive of all cancers:

Papillary carcinoma, which is the most common and accounts for about 80% of thyroid cancers, has a low degree of malignancy, a slow progression and a good prognosis.

Follicular carcinoma, which accounts for about 10%, has a relatively small number of patients with lymph node metastasis and a good prognosis.

Medullary thyroid carcinoma is moderately malignant and has a good prognosis.

Undifferentiated cancer is more common in the elderly, with high degree of malignancy, rapid development and poor prognosis. It accounts for about 5% of thyroid cancers.

According to different pathological types and different conditions of patients, the choice of treatment is also different.

Surgery is the first treatment, radiotherapy + endocrine therapy and chemotherapy are auxiliary treatment. Mainly active cooperation with treatment, the prognosis is very optimistic.

If eating cough, hoarseness patients, should reduce the liquid diet, eat slowly, less to prevent food into the trachea. The condition usually recovers within one to two months after surgery, and can be treated with surgery if it does not improve.

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